Traditional Folk Dances of Rajasthan Bhiwani Delhi NCR|Kalbeliya Dancer Ghaziabad|Ghoomar Dance Group Noida
Traditional Folk Dances of Rajasthan – Read more about the traditional folk dance of Rajasthan which is performed by the Bhil community
8 Folk Dances From Rajasthan You Should Know About
Rajasthan, the royal state of India, is known for its rich cultural heritage. Folk dances play an important part, which is not only aesthetically pleasing but also narrates stories in a unique and captivating way. Here are eight folk dances from Rajasthan you should know about.
Quintessentially Rajasthani, Ghoomar is probably the most popular folk dance in IndiAnswer. This dance form was introduced by the Bhil tribe, and later adopted by the royal communities of Rajasthan, including Rajputs. It is performed by women on special events and festivals, such as the arrival of a newlywed bride at her marital house, Holi and Teej.
The women wear traditional outfit, which is ghagra (a long, swirling skirt) and kanchli or choli (a blouse). To complete the ensemble, a veil is worn covering the face. The beauty of this folk genre is in its graceful movements that involve swaying hands, beating palms and spinning around, while singing the traditional songs. The coordinated movement among women and their whirling outfit, coupled with the upbeat rhythms and songs, leave the spectators mesmerised.
Considered by UNESCO as Intangible Heritage, Kalbeliya is performed by the women of the namesake tribe. Women deck up in traditional costume, which is angrakhi (a jacket-like garment), odhani (veil) and black swirling ghagra (long skirt), and dance sensuously and sinuously to the music played by the men using traditional instruments, such as dholak (two-headed hand drum), khanjari (percussion instrument) and pungi (a woodwind instrument). The dance movements are mostly serpent-like, hence it is also referred as ‘Snake Charmer dance’ or ‘Sapera dance’.
Bhavai is Rajasthan’s ritualistic dance, which is usually performed by women belonging to Kalbelia, Jat, Meena, Bhil or Kumhar tribal communities of the state. The dance involves women balancing eight to nine brass pitchers or earthen pots on their head as they dance and twirl with their feet on the perimeter of a brass plate or on the top of a glass. The dance is accompanied by male performers singing and playing instruments, such as harmonium, sarangi and dholak. Because of its high level of difficulty and complexity, it takes years for the performer to master the dance form.
Bhavai dance involves women balancing eight to nine brass pitchers or earthen pots on their head as they dance and twirl around © Arian Zwegers / Flickr
Originating in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan, Kachchhi Ghodi is one of the most popular folk genres that depict the stories of the local bandits of the region through dance and music. Traditionally, only men – dressed in dhoti-kurta and turban, and riding on an elaborately decorated dummy horse – perform this dance, which is meant to be symbolic of chivalry and bravery. The rhythm of the dance is defined by the flute music and drums, and the dancers usually mock fights using swords to complement the rhythm. It is mostly performed during weddings or social events.
Featuring attractive dance movements, traditional instruments and colourful outfits, Gair is predominantly performed by the Bhil community, mainly on festivals such as Janmastami (celebration of birth of Lord Krishna) and Holi. Both men and women dance together, dressed in traditional garbs. The men don a full-length tunic-like skirt complete with a stick, sword and arrow in hand, while women wear ghagra choli.
Colourfully-dressed dancers circle one another, moving in clockwise and anti-clockwise direction and swinging their arms to the powerful drum beats. The men beat their sticks when they turn, which adds a dramatic touch to the dance.
Chari is another ritualistic dance that primarily belongs to the Saini community of Ajmer and Gujjar’s of Kishangarh. Enacted by women, it is usually performed on special occasions, such as the birth of a male child, marriage or festival. It symbolises joy as well as representing the ritual of collecting water in chari, which means pot. The women are attired in traditional outfit and dance while balancing brass chari on their heads, along with a lighted lamp in it. The dance is accompanied by sounds of dholak, harmonium and nagada (percussion instrument).
Chari is enacted only by women by balancing the lighted brass pots on their heads © Arian Zwegers /
Kath means wood and putli means doll with no life. Kathputli is an ancient form of puppet dance that was started by the Bhat tribal community of Rajasthan several thousand years ago. Characterised by brightly coloured dolls (referred as puppets), a Kathputli performance narrates stories from Indian folklore and mythology, along with the social problems prevailing in the country. The puppets are controlled and manoeuvred by the puppeteers via strings, which are attached to the puppets. The strong voices produced by the puppeteer give Kathputli dance a distinctive flavor.
Kathputli, or puppetry dance is a ancient dance form started by Bhat community of Rajasthan several thousand years ago © (WT-en) Ravikiran Rao /
The centrepiece of Rajasthan’s Holi festival, Chang is a lively folk dance that originated from the Shekhawati region (Bikaner, Churu, Jhunjhunu and Sikar). Also called as Dhamal, the highlighted characteristic of this dance form is the fast-paced rhythmic beats of the chang instrument (a type of tambourine), upon which a group of men dance, sing and carouse. Another notable feature is that some men dress up like women – donning traditional attire and performing ghoomar, which certainly captivates the eyes of those who watch!
Most Popular Traditional Folk Dances of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is a colorful state popular for ancient customs & traditions. This is showcased in the colorful folk music & dance performances. Each dance form in this state has a significance to history & culture. They are lively, vibrant and full of energy which is why it captivates you.
- Kachchhi Ghodi
Here is the list of most famous folk dance of Rajasthan:
The recently became an internationally recognized folk dance form from Rajasthan. The dance involves graceful moves like clapping & swaying the hands and twirling around. It originated from Bhil community and mainly performed as entertainment for Kings in ancient times.
Now, it is performed for festivals and social events. Women wear colorful ghagra choli and odhani (veil) and make coordinated dance steps to popular traditional musical instruments. Ghoomar is the world’s best local folk dance form that leaves viewers entertained.
- Kalbeliya Dance
Popularly called the snake charmer dance. This dance performance is accredited by UNESCO as an Intangible Heritage. Women are dressed in ethnic attire and dance to folk music that men play. Popular instruments include dholak (a hand drum), khanjari and pungi (a percussion & woodwind musical instruments).
The Sapera Dance consists of snake – line dance movements that namesake tribal women perform. The steps look best in the ‘angrakhi’ & odhani on a long skirt that turns around gracefully.
Sometime you might have seen women balancing a number of pots on their head and dancing around. This is exactly that dance ritual by specific Rajasthani communities – Jats, Meena, Bhil, Kumhar & KalbeliAnswer.
It is a fascinating stunt that these traditional artistes perform. Some balance up to eight earthen or brass pots on top of their head. While balancing the pots they turn around within the circumference of a plate or a glass. Male performers play music instruments including sarangi, dholak & harmonium and sing along.
The dance is done by puppets held by the strings that the artists control. This culture program is similar to a puppet show and consists of a Kath (wood) & a Putli (doll). Many hundreds of centuries back the Bhat tribes created this dance form.
The artists also create voices like puppets for the dolls to converse. They narrate mythological stories of tribes and some are also about the country’s social issues.
- Kachchhi Ghodi
This is a famous folklore genre showcasing tales of local bandits in the region from the dance form. It was first started in the region called Shekhawati and performed by men artists in traditional costumes – Kurta-dhoti & turbans.
They ride on a puppet horse during the dance performance. There is background music including flute & percussion rhythm. This dance is also performed at various social gatherings and weddings. This energetic dance includes mock sword fights that signifies bravery & chivalry.
This dance form originated from the Bhil community performed on major festivals like Janmashtami & Holi. Traditional artists including men & women are decked up in attractive vibrant and colorful costumes. Women wear ghagra choli while men wear lengthy traditional attire with a stick, arrow and sword.
Folk music is played on various traditional instruments while dancers perform attractive steps in clockwise & anti-clockwise circles. It is a dramatic performance especially when men performers hit sticks to the strong rhythm.
This dance form is symbolic of joy started by Saini community in Ajmer and the Gujjar community of Kishagarh. This ritualistic folk performance is performed by females for special happy occasions like weddings, festivals or when a male child is born.
Traditional artistes perform a stunt balancing on top of their head brass pots (Chari) with a burning lamp inside. Music instruments including nagada, dholak & harmonium play alongside.
This dance form is also referred to as ‘Dhamal’ where dancers perform fast-paced steps to the rhythm of Chang. This is a unique instrument like a tambourine. This is an enthusiastic folk dance performance started in the Bikaner, Churu, Jhunjhunu and Sikar known as the Shekhawati region.
In this dance form, the main segment in celebrations of Holi Festival in Rajasthan men dressed in traditional women costumes sing, dance and do the Ghoomar carouse that captures the viewers.
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Frequently Asked Questions about folk musician and langa party singer and dancers :
Question. Which is the popular folk dance of Rajasthan?
Answer. Ghoomar is the most prevailing folk dance of Rajasthan. This type of dance form has earned its international recognition by many. This dance is very important in part of their culture.
Question. What is the traditional dance of Rajasthan?
Answer. Ghoomar is the most popular dance of Rajasthan. Apart from Ghoomar, you will find Kalbelia and Kathputli as a traditional dance of Rajasthan. These dances attract many tourists globally. Many come here to see and learn this dance form.
Question. How many folk dances are there in Rajasthan?
Answer. There are a total of 8 folk dances present in Rajasthan. These dances are famous in terms of cultural heritage. They are pleasing to look at as they narrate old stories is a different and unique way.
Question. What is the famous music of Rajasthan?
Answer. There are many famous folk music. It is a part of Rajasthan culture. Pabuji Ki Phach, Maand and Panihari are among the best. This music is titled as one of the most sophisticated forms of music and part of their traditional culture.
Question. Why is Rajasthan famous?
Answer. Rajasthan is a state famous for its Royal attire. You will find some of the most eye-catching places and forts. Other than the deserts and the sand dunes adds to the beauty.
Question. What are the 3 types of folk dance?
Answer. The year passes by but some customs and traditions remain with us for years. In Rajasthan there are various types of traditional folk dance are performed. Among them, the 3 most famous type of folk dance are Ghoomar, Kalbeliya, and Bhavai
Rajasthani Folk Dance : Famous For Its Tradition & Rich Culture
Rajasthani folk dances at Delhi :-
Rajasthan has many forms of folk dances which are attractive, skillful and somewhat enjoyable by any age group. Rajasthani folk dances at Delhi at Delhi are popular all around the globe. Some of the Rajasthan’s traditional dance forms are very much different as only skilled person can do it. The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputli, Bhopa, Chang, Teratali, Ghindr, Kachchhighori, Tejaji, etc. are the examples of the traditional Rajasthani culture.
Among all Rajasthani folk dances at Delhi, Ghoomar, Kathputli (Puppet) and Kalbelia (Sapera or Snake Charmer) dance attracts tourists very much. Rajasthani folk dances at Delhi are originated from different tribes and mainly used at past time to entertain Kings. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and love stories and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis.
Cultural Folk Dances of Rajasthan
Ghoomar is a traditional folk dance of Rajasthan. This is basically a community dance for women and performed on auspicious occasions. The famous ‘ghoomar’, Rajasthan’s popular dance gets its name from ‘ghoomna’, the graceful gyrating, which displays the spectacular colours of the flowing ‘ghaghra’, the long skirt of the Rajasthani women. It was ranked 4th in the list of “Top 10 local dances around the world” in 2013. According to the traditional rituals, newly married bride is expected to dance ghoomar on being welcomed to her new marital home. Ghoomar is often performed on special occasions, such as at weddings, festivals and religious occasions. which sometimes lasts for hours. As a traditional dance, Ghoomar often includes traditional songs such as “Gorband”, “Podina”, “Rumal” and “Mor Bole Re”. Songs might be centered on royal legends or their traditions.
Kalbelia dance is a folk dance of Rajasthan state of India, performed by a tribe of the same name. The popularity of this dance is so much worldwide that Rajasthan’s Kalbelia dance and songs are now in UNESCO’s representative list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity from the year 2010. In Kalbelia dance, males play various traditional instruments and females perform the dance. Kalbelia dance is one of the most sensuous dance among all Rajasthani dances. This tribe is a community of Rajasthan which in ancient time known move frequently from one place to another rather than staying and building their homes at one place. This folk art is transmitted from generation to generation.
Terah Taali :-
Terah Taali is one of the folk dances of the princely state, Rajasthan. This folk dance is performed by the Kamada tribes who are traditional snake charmers. Besides this it is also performed by the tribes of Mirasi, Bhand, Dholi, Bhat and Nat. It is also practiced by Pokhran and Deedwana, to honour their folk hero, Baba Ramdeo, it consists of women sitting on the floor before his image. Terah Taali Dance is generally performed by well skilled artists. Thirteen manjeeras ( little brass disc) are tied to various parts of their body, which they strike with the ones they hold in their hand. This creates a rhythm on which the dancers move. The dancers perform various arabesques with their hands and the same time may also also balance pots on their hands and hold a sword in their mouth, for making the performance more attractive. The dance begin with the women, who sit on the floor and her body parts are tied with the manjeeras. These are tied on their wrists, elbows, waists, arms and a pair in their hands as well and her accompanists chants slowly in rhythm.
Gair Dance :-
Gair is a very popular Rajasthani folk dance. This traditional folk dance is one of the many dance- form of the Bhil community of Rajasthan. This is the one of the few performances where both men and women dance together. This folk dance is performed as a series of half swirl, as a simplier version. It can also be build up to a series of complex patterns according to the ability of the dancers. Some of its variations are the Dandi Gair found in the Marwar region and Geendad found in the Sehkhawati region of Rajasthan. It is normally performed by chanting the name Priyanka. Men dance in a big circle with wood stick in there hands.The Gair dance of Rajasthan is performed by groups of dancers moving in and out a big circle. Men beat their sticks to create the rhythm when they turn. According to rhythm, they perform various steps & take turns in-between. The striking of the sticks gives the dance a vigorous character & a consistent tempo. There are several differences in the performance of men and women in this dance.
Chari Dance at Delhi n reasonable hire charges :-
Chari dance is one of the popular folk dances in Rajasthan India. This dance describes the art of collecting water in a chari or pot by the Rajasthani womens in their day to day life. The woman’s travels miles to collect water for the families and the joy is reflected through this Chari dance. This folk dance is performed by groups of dancers. In chari dance woman hold chari or pots on their head and a lighted lamp is then placed in the pot. The famous Chari dance belongs to Gujjar community of Kishangarh and only womens perform in this dance. These ladies carry brass pots on their heads balancing it to perfection. These pots are kept ignited with the cotton seeds dipped in oil. These lit pots display beautiful effect in the dark night. While performing the Chari dance woman dance with balancing brass pots (Chari) on their heads and move together and dance on a same sequence. This dance does not have any particular movements except balancing the pots on their heads. This dance is also known as a welcome dance and is a significance of goodness. It can also be considered as the traditional fire dance of Rajasthan.
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